jakarta old town area

Old Town of Jakarta covers a tiny area in the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta. The special heritage only includes a 1,3 square kilometer area crossing North Jakarta and West Jakarta (Pinangsia, Taman Sari, and Roa Malaka). Besides often called Old Batavia, in the 16th century, the area has been called Asia Jewel and Queen of the East by European sailors. Old Jakarta deemed as the trading central of Asia continent in that time due to the strategic location and the lavish natural resources.

History recorded in 1526 Fatahillah attacked Sunda Kelapa harbor below the governance of Pajajaran Hindu Kingdom then the city named Jayakarta. At first Jayakarta was 15 hectares and had arranged traditionally as Java harbor. Then in 1619 Dutch colonial destroy Jayakarta within the command of Jan Pieterszoon Coen. A year later VOC built new town named Batavia to respect Batavieren, the ancestor of Dutch citizen. Batavia central now named Fatahillah Field in the eastern edge of Ciliwung river.

In 1635 this city expanded until the western edge of Ciliwung River. The city adopted Dutch city-style complete with the fortress, wall, and canal. Batavia then being administrative central of Dutch colonial until the year of 1942 Japanese handed over this city. Batavia changed its name into Jakarta and was playing its role until now. In 1972 the old town protected by the decree of Ali Sadikin, Jakarta Governor. This decision supposed to protect the city architectural history. But though the decree has been established but the old town ignored. However the old town got renovation by nonprofit organization, private organization, and city government in 2007.

The heritage of Jakarta history contains a lot interesting channel to visit like Jakarta History Museum, Bank Indonesia Museum, Jakarta Cathedral, Sion Church, Angke Mosque, Merah Shop, and Luar Batang Mosque. Museum Fatahillah or Jakarta History Museum located on Taman Fatahillah Street number 2, West Jakarta. This building formerly functioned as Stadhuis or Town Hall which built by the instruction of General Governor Johan Van Hoorn. The hall building structure built like the structure of Dam Palace in Amsterdam. The hilarious structure consists of main building with west and east wings. It connected with the compliment buildings functioned as office, court, and underground jail. The architecture adopts classical Baroque in 17th century within its three storey structure. There are no official ticket box, one can simply enter the sites respectively.

The Old Town area sites consists of: Luar Batang Mosque, The Port of Sunda Kelapa, Pasar Ikan (Fish Market), Maritime Museum, Menara Syahbandar (Port Tower), Kota Intan Drawbridge, Kali Besar (Grootegracht), Gereja Sion, Wayang Museum, Fatahillah Square, Fine Art and Ceramic Museum (Former Court of Justice of Batavia), Jakarta History Museum (Former City Hall of Batavia), Cafe Batavia, Toko Merah, Chartered Bank, Bank Indonesia Museum, Bank Mandiri Museum, Jakarta Kota Station (Beos Station), Glodok and Pinangsia Area (Jakarta Chinatown), Petak Sembilan,Jin De Yuan Temple (Vihara Dharma Bhakti), Chandranaya Building. *Text courtesy of Indonesia-Tourism.com

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